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Feel the Pressure – What to Know About Glaucoma

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes progressive damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that carries the signal from the eye to the brain. While there are multiple different types of glaucoma, the most common form is known as primary open-angle glaucoma, or POAG for short. POAG is thought to be caused by an increased eye pressure, which in turn puts pressure on the optic nerve and causes damage. Thus, treatment for glaucoma is directed at lowering eye pressure, either through eye drops or laser procedures.

Image result for glaucoma optic nerve vs normal

How does glaucoma damage vision?

Glaucoma is notoriously known as the “silent thief of sight”. The reason for this is that eye pressure high enough to cause glaucomatous damage cannot be felt. Additionally, vision changes related to glaucoma are not able to be perceived until the very end stages of the disease. Since damage to vision and the optic nerve caused by glaucoma is irreversible, early detection is key. In advanced stages of glaucoma, peripheral vision is often affected.

How can I prevent glaucoma?

While glaucoma cannot necessarily be prevented, it can be managed with earlier detection and treatment. The best way to prevent damage to your vision due to glaucoma, and many other eye diseases, is to regularly visit your optometrist! Call our office to schedule your appointment today.